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Thursday, April 28, 2016


Hypochondria is an obsession with the idea of having serious but undiagnosed medial condition.
Symptoms is long-term and intense fear of having a severe medical condition.
Pain can be caused by psychological factors.
One medical treatment is Prozac.
Hypochondria can cause anxiety and panic attacks.
It can last a few years or lifelong.
Usually affects people 14 and over.
But usually develops during adulthood.
More than 200,000 cases per year.
They may frequently switch doctors.

Friday, April 22, 2016


     Paranoia involves intense anxious or fearful feelings and thoughts often related to persecution, threat, or conspiracy.Paranoia is involved with many other mental disorders.Usually is connected with psychotic disorders.  Paranoia can cause dilutions that become so fixed that nobody or anything can convince them otherwise.  Symptoms of paranoia and delusional disorders include intense and irrational mistrust or suspicion, which can bring on sense of fear, anger, and betrayal.The cause of paranoia is a breakdown of various mental and emotional functions involving reasoning and assigned meanings.Treatment of paranoia is usually via medication and cognitive behavioral therapy. 

Monday, April 11, 2016

acute stress disorder

Acute stress disorder is a disorder that comes after a traumatic event.
Some events that cause Acute stress disorders are rape, extreme physical assault, or a near death experience
Doctors will try to rule out other possibilities while diagnosing ASD.
Things doctors try to rule out are, drug abuse, other mental disorders, other health problems, and side affects to other medication.
One major  symptom is dissociation, which is detachment of the mind from emotions.
Other symptoms are generalized anxiety, avoidance, recurring  thoughts or visions of the event.
Treatment include medication and  psychological therapy.
You might  get hospitalized if they think you are at risk of suicide.
Many people who are diagnosed with ASD are later are diagnosed with PTSD.
The sooner you get help after a traumatic event the less likely you are to have ASD.

Friday, March 18, 2016


ADD is attention deficit disorder.
ADD is chronic conditions including attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness
There are more than 3 million cases in the U.S. is each year.
ADD can not be cured but medication can help.
Depression and learning disabilities are common with ADD.
Mood swings are also common with ADD.
Persistent repetition of words or actions is a symptom.
Talk therapy can help with ADD.
Another name for ADD is Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Tuesday, March 8, 2016


Amnesia is a disorder related to memory loss
Affects memory attention, storage, retention, working memory.
Caused by damage to the limbic system.
The limbic system is the part of the brain that controls emotions and memories.
Neurological amnesia is caused by strokes,brain inflammation, lack of oxygen, alcohol abuse, and many other things.
Dissociate amnesia is caused by emotional trauma but is rare.
Risk factors are Brain surgery/ injury,stroke, seizures, alcohol abuse.
It may not be possible to retrieve lost memories.
Treatment for amnesia occupational therapist, no drugs are known at this point.
Sometimes care is needed for patients with amnesia.

Friday, March 4, 2016


Classified by impairment of  impairments of two or more brain functions such as memory loss and judgement.
 Symptoms of dementia is personality changes, wandering, depression, wandering, and getting lost.
 They can also have hallucination.
This is very common in the elderly.
Most common in people over 60.
The treatment for dementia can be medication or preventative care.
Risk factors include, family history, high cholesterol, smoking, and diabetes.
Dementia is associated with Parkinson and  Huntington disease.
There are many different types of dementia.
Some peoples dementia progresses quickly as others are very slow.

Friday, February 26, 2016

obsessive- compulsive disorder

Obsessive- compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder.
It includes reoccurring or disturbing thoughts, repetitive or ritualistic behaviors.
The person  has intrusive images or unwanted impulses.
 They realize that their impulses are senseless or excessive.
There was a study done on a woman who always checked the trash just in case something valuable got thrown away.'
When they asked her why she said " I don't know, I don't own anything valuable."
Treatment includes exposer therapy.
Exposer therapy is when they make the patient stop whatever they do when they feel that compulsion.

Saturday, February 20, 2016

bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is shifts in moods and energy levels.
 This can be a shift from elevated mood to times of depression.
Elevated moods can be referred to as mania and hypomaina. Mania is abnormally high levels of energy, happiness, and a tendency to make rash poorly thought out decisions.
This could affect relationships, academics, and work performance.
 Some of the cognitive symptoms of bipolar disorder are unwanted thoughts, delusion, lack of concentration, racing thoughts, slowness in activity and thought, and false belief of superiority.
People may experience mood swings, anger, irritability, anxiety,general discontent, quilt, hopelessness, loss of interest.
Treatments for bipolar disorder are medication, hospitalization in some cases,and therapy.

Thursday, February 11, 2016

foreign accent syndrome

      Foreign accent syndrome usually occurs after head injury, trauma, stroke. A lot of people think foreign accents make them more attractive to the opposite sex. It makes the person affected speech in their native tongue but as if they have a foreign accents.The people affected by this has had something altering the speech center of the brain.Treatment for this is speech therapy, counseling, but mostly just asking your doctor.

Wednesday, February 3, 2016


 Micropsia or Alice in Wonderland Syndrome is where people affected by it is see things much smaller than what they actually are. The problem is not with the eye but with how the brain perceives the information from the eye.  A person may see and object such as a car and it would be the size of a cat. Migraines are a major cause of this disorder.This can also affect other senses such as hearing and touch.It is known to affect children between the age of 5 and 10. It is often linked to schizophrenia, psychoactive drugs, and brain tumors. There are different ways to diagnose this, migraines, seizures, drug use, and many others. Treatment for Micropsia is psychoactive medication and other medication to lessen the frequency of migraines. Many affected by micropsia can still determine distance and actual size of objects even when they do not see them the same as others.

Tuesday, January 19, 2016

social anxiety

      Social anxiety is the fear of interaction with other people. It commonly causes the fear of being judged by everyone they meet.It can often lead to depression. When a person becomes irrationally nervous or anxious when they are around people. Some situations people with social anxiety often experience a lot of anxiety with are; being introduced to new people, being criticized or teased, being the center of attention or being watched, interpersonal relationships friendship or romantic, and many more things.People with social anxiety often experience easily blushing, racing heart, and excessive sweating. They can also experience tinkling of hands and feet. This is because anxiety triggers the fight or flight response so you body draws blood away from your smaller muscles to your bigger ones so you can fight or run away.  Social anxiety is one of the most common mental illnesses among teens. Receiving psychological help or therapy will help a lot. It will not take the anxiety away but it will go away faster and you will know how to handle it.

Friday, January 8, 2016

Clinical lycanthropy

      Clinical lycanthropy is a psychiatric syndrome in which the person believes that they can and have turned into an non-human animal. They often start to act like the animal they have shifted into.The symptoms of Clinical lycanthropy are delusions, hallucination,disorganized speech, and grossly disorganized behavior.These symptoms are close to the one's of schizophrenia. Patients have moments of lucidity  and  look back and remember turning into something else.They also start acting like the animal such as growling, barking,and crawling.In a study of two patients neuroimaging was done and abnormal activation of the part of the brain dealing with body image.Clinical lycanthropy is largely related to psychotic breaks caused by other mental disorders.Treatnment for this is very difficult due to the varying degrees of it and it is very rare. The movie that shows this the best is in the 1984 film Birdy.